Haryana is one of the leading states in terms of industrial production, especially passenger cars, two- wheelers, mobile cranes, and tractors. Haryana is the second-largest contributor of food grains to India’s central pool and accounts for more than 60% of the export of Basmati rice in the country, third-largest exporter of software and one of the preferred destinations for IT/ITeS facilities.
The state offers a wide range of fiscal and policy incentives for businesses under the Industrial and Investment Policy, 2011. Moreover, it has sector-specific policies, particularly for IT and tourism. The Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd (HSIIDC) is the state’s premier industrial promotion and investment facilitation agency, responsible for providing reliable and efficient facilities for entrepreneurs investing in the state.
The state has taken several steps for developing industrial infrastructure to achieve consistent economic growth, below are some of the initiatives:
- Haryana is among the states having ~100% connectivity to rural areas with metalled roads. Haryana Roadways, with its fleet of ~3,651 buses, is one of India’s biggest state road transport undertakings. It operates ~10.67 lakh kms every day, carrying an average 9.49 lakh passengers daily.
- Haryana ranked first at the national level by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) to earn a bonus of Rs. 71.72 crore (US$ 10.17 million) for performing outstanding services in the healthcare sector.
- Under its ‘Horticulture Vision’, the state government aims to double the area under horticulture from 7.5% to 15% and triple horticulture production by 2030. The state government has also notified the Haryana Agri-Business and Food Processing Policy 2018.
- Single-window clearance mechanism was established under the Haryana Industrial Promotion Act, 2005. It has a three-tier structure to grant exemption/relaxation from any of the provisions/rules of the Act.
- The state invested in the development of world class infrastructure facilities such as special economic zones (SEZs), Kundli-Manesar-Palwal (KMP) global corridor and Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC).
- As of October 2020, the state had seven exporting Special Economic Zones (SEZs).
- Haryana is the first state to have implemented its Statewide Area Network (SWAN) for voice, data, and video transmission.
- The State Government has established a Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB), Gurgaon under the guidance of UNESCO as a Category II Centre.
Power: Haryana power establishments have been a forerunner in terms of growth in comparison to national capacity creation. On the one hand, state boasts to have surplus electricity which is distributed by two state-owned power utilities i.e. Uttar Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam (UHBVN) and Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam (DHBVN). On the other hand, it suffers from inability to sell power at compensatory rates in the market. Haryana stands at 10th position with approximately 3.53% of the total installed capacity in the country.
Haryana has shown 0% peak shortage and less than 1% energy shortage during last two years. The state has achieved 100% electrification, but there are still 2.85 lakhs rural un-electrified households in the state, which are proposed to be electrified in phased manner.
Transport: Haryana has emerged to be as one of the most important business centres in India and, thus, Haryana Government has invested a lot to provide proper transportation facilities to the people. The common modes of transportation in the state of Haryana are roadways, railways and airports. The state is very well connected to the rest of the states in India through its wonderful network of roadways, railways and airways. The state has a number of international airports too, which provide a brilliant opportunity for the international travellers to land in the state directly.
Roads in Haryana: Haryana is blessed with a brilliant network of roads and highways. The Government has taken necessary steps to construct roads and highways for the convenience of the people. The roads in the state are connected to every portion of the state and, thus, provide easy transportation services to the people living in the state. At present Haryana is served by total number of 29 National Highways and State Highways, the National Highways has the total length of about 1461.7 kilometres, on the other hand State Highways feature with a total length of 2494 kilometres. Haryana also features with 5 expressways. All these expressways and highways connect to each other to form a network providing easy transportation services in the state as well as to the neighbouring states.
Railways in Haryana : The northern state of Haryana is managed by the Northern Railways unit of the Indian Railways, which is a governmental body. The northern grid of railways has several thousand kilometres of railway tracks which connects to the whole country as well as various towns and cities within the state. There is a total number of 59 railway stations in Haryana, among which the most popular and heavily used railway stations are in Palwal, Ganaur, Ballabgarh, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Sonipat, Tohana and Karnal, etc. Rail network in Haryana is covered by 5 rail divisions under 3 rail zones, namely, North Western Railway zone (Bikaner railway division and Jaipur railway division), Northern Railway zone (Delhi railway division and Ambala railway division) and North Central Railway zone (Agra railway division). Diamond Quadrilateral High-speed rail network Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor and Western Dedicated Freight Corridor pass through Haryana